Ridgewood was originally occupied by the Mespachtes Indians. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries the community was dominated by farms operated by Dutch settlers. Arbitration Rock was placed at Onderdonk and Montrose Avenues to end a long standing border dispute between Kings County and Queens. The name Ridgewood derives from the fact that the area was a heavily wooded place with an elevated terrain. During the second half of the 18th century and up until Prohibition Ridgewood was home to many brewery workers. The breweries were primarily just over the border in Brooklyn but several were in Ridgewood. There were also knitting factories. In 1906 Gustav Mathews bought a great number of farms and built Mathews Plats, a complex of more than 800 six family brick row houses. Each was three stories in height. Between 1908 and 1914 Paul Stier constructed on a similar scale between 67th and 70thavenues using tan brick and lumber of a very high quality. Flushing was established by English settlers who received patents for it from the Dutch in 1654. The name of Flushing is an anglicization of the Dutch “Vlissingen,” a village in Holland. In 1657 English Quakers arrived in Flushing. Stuyvesant attempted to persecute these people. The residents of Flushing supported the cause of religious freedom and issued the Flushing Remonstrance as a rebuke and protest to the Dutch intolerance. The Dutch government repudiated Stuyvesant and supported Flushing’s advocacy of religious freedom. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries Flushing was world famous for its horticultural gardens and nurseries. Thomas Jefferson was a frequent buyer of plants developed and grown at Flushing nurseries. Many wealthy New Yorkers built country homes in Flushing during the second half of the 19th century. Apartmenthouses were built in the 1920s as the subway system was extended to Flushing in the 1920s. The 1939/40 and 1964/5 World’s Fairs were held in Flushing and made the area internationally famous. Today Flushing is known as the location with the most diversified population in the world.