The Kew Gardens Corporation was formed in 1912. Over the next 34 years it developed a residential community based upon Hampstead Garden Suburb in London and the Russel Sage Foundation’s Forest Hills Gardens. Its goal was to create an upscale community with all the civilized amenities—a country club, a park, a church, a hotel and a restricted commercial area, The streets were laid out and landscaped in a manner sensitive to the topography. At one time or another celebrities lived in Kew Gardens—Charlie Chaplin, George Gershwin, Dorothy Parker, Will Rogers and Dorothy Parker. Luxury apartment buildings contributed to the community’s ambience of gentility—Kew Hall, the Mowbray, the Shellball, Beverly House and the Kew Gardens Plaza. Kew Gardens suffered severely from the Depression of the 1930s—The Country Club went bankrupt and closed as did the Kew Gardens Corporation. However, this period also witnessed the birth of Kew Gardens as a haven for German Jews fleeing the Nazi regime.